Emory Douglas is an Oakland-based graphic artist, and a central figure in the artistic legacy of the American Black Power movement. As the Party's Minister of Culture, Douglas oversaw the illustration-heavy design of Black Panther, the party's weekly newspaper, from 1967 to approximately 1980. He also produced images that were circulated via poster and postcard that quickly became associated with the iconic visual style of the Party. Douglas was first exposed to printing techniques while incarcerated as a teenager at the Youth Training School in Ontario, California. He later studied commercial art at San Francisco City College. His work is included in museum collections around the world, and a retrospective of his work, "Black Panther: The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas," organized by artist Sam Durant, was exhibited at the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art and the New Museum in New York in 2008 and 2009.